Aboru Aboye! I enjoyed this article very much and I hope you will also. Within this article the author explains the spiritual meaning of Phi and how it relates to Orisha Osun, and also Phi and its connection to Ifa through snails. Reading is fundamental, learning is fun. This post makes you realize that the tradition of Ifa-Orisha is nothing to be discarded or thought of as invaluable, not relating to present times, but Feitish and barbaric practices done by the ancients. If we were to think like this, then I wonder why then would so much interest be placed on Kemet (Egypt).

The practices and beliefs done then, are what the Holy Christian Bible is made up of (the bible is Plagiarized work, most of the stories stolen from Kemet, and altered to fit their agenda), and even their architectures such as the Obelisks and many other things found there are used to shape and run the world. Although they try desperately to remove Egypt from Africa and place it in the middle east. Nevertheless, Egypt is in Africa, and will always be. Even more Phenomena can be found all over Africa, even more astounding and mysterious than Egypt. People are waking up to what the ancients knew before. We are waking up! The article is lengthy, but worth reading. Please read, learn and enjoy. Agbo and Ato!

Article written by Babalawo Asegun Oladigbolu

I had a lot of information for this post. This is only to give you a rough flavor of the highlights. I didn’t go into much detail. There’s a lot on the net about this subject. I’ve used section numbers and letters to help make it more digestible, so you don’t need to read everything at once. Feel free to come back and chew away at it slowly. Each section letter is a topic I could have gone on with for a few pages. I just put the major points and tried to explain the basics. Please feel free to use the section numbers and letters for the discussion to help people find the specific information you’re talking about.

**The Significance of Numbers:**

Numbers have meaning for a variety of reasons, but one reason is because they represent quantities and relationships. The idea of a number/mathematical relationship is the same as an analogy with words. You may be familiar with statements like pen is to paper as chalk is to blackboard. In an analogy, what is being expressed is the relationship between two things. Consider a typical analogical statement like “a is to b as c is to d”. In trying to understand how word analogies are the same as mathematical equations the key is to understand the function of the word “as”. “As” in a word analogy is the same as the equal sign “=”in an equation. A mathematical analogy might look like a/b = c/d. (The slash means divided by). As an example a = 10, b = 4, c = 20, d = 8. If you divide a by b, you get the same number as c divided by d. The important thing to understand is that what is preserved in this mathematical statement is the “relationship” between a, b and c, d. In this case the ratio of a to b = 2.5. It is important to understand that just about every number you can think of can be thought of as some combination (relationship) of other numbers. In this sense every number (in this case 2.5) can express the meaning associated with all possible combinations of numbers whose relationship is characterized by the value 2.5. This is why we often use letters and symbols in math, instead of actual numbers… We are usually less concerned with the actual numbers, and we are more concerned with the “relationship” described by an equation.

- The second important thing to understand about numbers is to really think about the fact that there are an infinite number of “numbers”. It is the fact that there is an infinite set of possible numbers (possible values that some quantity can take on), that really allows certain numbers to be considered special. The likelihood that some arbitrary number/proportion/relationship will show up in various aspects of science, nature, life and spirituality is in a sense infinitesimally small, since there are an infinite number of choices (i.e. one divided by infinity = zero probability = no likelihood). Thus the occurrence of special numbers and relationships is not by chance, but by design. The rest of this post will deal with three special numbers that occur in nature/life and my interpretation of their corresponding spiritual implications.

- One thing you may want to think about is the fact that there are different types of numbers. One number type is called “rational” numbers, which are what you’re probably used to dealing with in everyday life – these are finite decimals like 2.3, 60.86234, $4.53, etc. Integers are another type number. They are special because they are considered “whole” meaning that there is no fractional part – no decimal (i.e 5, 8, 33 etc.). Then there are what are called “perfect fractions”. These are decimal numbers (rational numbers) that can be expressed as a ratio of two integers (whole numbers). The concept of beauty, the integer 5 and its relation to Osun, probably not so ironically, is discussed in section 5. So you can skip ahead if you already know about the golden ratio.

The three special numbers that are the subject of this discussion are a different type of number, they are called “irrational” numbers. In a way this title implies that you can never fully express/understand them. [This has implications on their relation to spirituality in the sense that there are certain spiritual/life mysteries that you can never fully comprehend] You can only express these numbers to a certain degree, but you can never write down the entire number. These three numbers are decimal numbers like 5.16578943, but what makes them special is that the series of digits after the decimal point goes on forever (infinity). The other key attribute that makes them “irrational” is the fact that the digits after the decimal point don’t repeat or have any predictable sequence. This again means you can never write these numbers down completely – like you can with numbers like 3 or 2.5.

- The last kind of number that will come up in this discussion are “imaginary” numbers. [I’ve often thought about whether or not the presence of imaginary numbers in an equation is a direct indication of its relation to the spirit world, which is in a sense unseen/imaginary and not wholly described by the physical/”real” world]. Imaginary numbers can be thought of as any real number multiplied by the square root of negative one. You may recall that asking for the square root of a number requests: “what number when multiplied by itself will produce the number in question”. If you also recall how positive and negative numbers work, you know that any number times itself (whether positive or negative) is always positive. So how can a number times itself be equal to -1? The answer is that the number must be imaginary. Imaginary here does not mean that it does not necessarily exist, it merely means that we have no way of expressing it in terms of real numbers, so we always express it in terms of the original question “what’s the square root of negative one (-1^.5)”.

- Special Numbers and Their Manifestations:

- The three special numbers are pi, e and phi. Just like the imaginary number “i”, these three numbers are derived by posing very simple questions. The first number Pi ~ 3.142 (These are only the first three digits after the decimal point. Again, the digits go on forever without repeating) – Pi is associated with curvilinear geometry and angles. The simple question that defines Pi is: “If you take all possible points (in 2D) that are exactly some distance r away from some point in space – (the equidistance can be thought of as perfect equality amongst all the points). The solution is a circle in 2D or a sphere in 3D.” If you take the total length traversed by those points (in 2D) and divide by 2*r you get pi. Pi is the ratio of a circle’s circumference (2*pi*r) and diameter (2*r). A circle in a sense represents equality and balance. It also represents cycles in the sense that you can traverse all the points in a circle maintaining constant curvature and you will return to the same point after 360 degrees of rotation = 2 pi radians. Since pi is defined by its relationship to the circle, pi is therefore involved with describing all curved surfaces.

- The second special number is e = 2.7183 (The digits go on forever) – e shows up everywhere in calculus and physics – e comes from asking the question, “What is the one (non-zero) function, where if we measure the rate of change of the function we get back the original function”. This function is e^x. This means the special number e raised to any power x. e is related to pi through its cyclic nature (see section 4). e is probably the most commonly occurring constant in calculus. It describes growth, decay and cyclic phenomena. For example if you measure the temperature of something hot that you just took out of the microwave, its temperature will cool down exponentially. Here are some resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_(mathematical_constant)

- Phi:

- The last special number, which I hope we can discuss is phi ~ .61803 (The digits go on forever) – phi is associated with optimization and beauty. Phi comes from the question “What fraction (ratio) satisfies the relation, where one divided by the number is equivalent to one plus that same number 1/x = 1+x” The solution to this equation is phi and it is also called “the golden ratio” and sometimes “the golden mean” or “golden section”. The idea is that phi (optimal beauty) derives from something’s relationship with itself. [This self interaction or relationship to self is deep, and you’ll see it pops up in the other questions that define “i” and “e”. I think this is a pattern with special things in nature].

- The golden ratio is a special number that shows up in many parts of nature. From the ratio of the lengths of the bones in your hand to a snail’s shell. You may want to first understand its relationship to what’s called the Fibbonacci sequence, check out this resource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibonacci_number

The Fibbonacci sequence is a pattern of numbers that in a sense asymptotically approaches the golden ratio. The idea is not that you can ever fully or perfectly achieve it, but you can become infinitesimally close to it. The mere fact that it is not a rational number inherently implies that you never fully recount it and therefore you can never, to full deterministic accuracy, check or determine if something is a perfect relationship like the golden ratio. These statements of course have strong meaning for life and our understanding of the spiritual origins of life itself (i.e. we can never fully understand it).

- There are many resources online that talk about the golden ratio. I will only put a few here to give you a quick overview, but this single number is deep and shows up in many aspects of nature and life:

- And of course our ancestors knew all about this special number. Here is some introductory material on how the golden ratio shows up in ancient Kemet: http://milan.milanovic.org/math/english/golden/golden3.html

- Special Number Relationships:

- One of the deep things I have always been fascinated with is that these special numbers are interrelated. One can only assume that these relationships must have powerful meaning as well. The first equation relates e, i, pi, 1 and 0 – e^(i*pi) +1 = 0

It is called the Euler equation:

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- The second equation is one I only recently discovered and had searched for, for the last 10 years. This equation comes from some aspects of the pentagon geometry and it expresses a relationship between e, i, pi, 5 and phi – phi = e^(i*pi/5) + e^(-i*pi/5)

To understand why check out how phi is related to the pentagon shape: http://www.mcs.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Knott/Fibonacci/phi2DGeomTrig.html

Scroll down to the section on pentagrams.

- Phi and Osun:

- This part is my attempt at interpreting the spiritual meaning of phi. We know that the number 5 is associated with Osun, but why? My interpretation is that it has to do with the idea of the “fifth element” so to speak. The number 2 could be a whole other discussion, but 2 sets of 2 gives 4. Here again we see something and itself (2 + 2 = 4 and 2*2 = 4). 2 is the number that satisfies that basic question where something times itself is equal to something plus itself. So to understand 5, start with 4. There are 4 seasons, 4 directions in a 2 dimensional space, four fundamental elements (fire, wind, water, earth) etc. From my perspective, 4 in a sense represents the complete set or a complete way of partitioning the forces of nature. Lots of cycles and natural phenomena come in complete sets of 4’s. Ifa itself is based on the number 4, because 4 to the fourth power is 256, which is the number of Odu in Ifa corpus. You’ll also notice your computer monitor probably has a setting for 256 colors. This is because of the 4 primary colors and the natural ways of expanding them. 4^4 is yet again something with itself. This has much more significance for another discussion, but my point is to highlight that 5, “the fifth element” is the unity of the preceding 4 things. The fifth is the culmination of all 4 parts, just like the four points of a pyramid ascend to a single apex, which is the 5th point. I believe that the connection to Osun is through the pentagon geometry, which is a 5 sided figure. You also see 5 shows up in section 4b through the equation that relates phi with e, i and 5. My interpretation is that I think the golden ratio is an indication of the universe’s definition of “beauty”, where “beauty” now has a more general meaning than just what it means in the human context of “beautiful” people. I think beauty is a much more general concept and is related to symmetry and optimality. I think phi is a mathematical way of expressing the concept of beauty and is thus interrelated with Osun, the Orisa most associated with beauty and thus the number 5. Its therefore not difficult to see the connection between word “golden” in the term golden ratio and its relation to Osun, who is also associated with gold, copper, yellow and pretty things in general.

- Phi and its connection to Ifa through Snails:

- In section 3 we established that phi is associated with the asymptote of the Fibonacci sequence, and that the resulting spiral shows up in the shape of the snail’s shell. The first question you might ask is, why are snails interesting?

- One really interesting aspect of snails is the mucus they secrete. Snail pedal mucus is considered a “non-newtonian fluid”. Most liquids in nature are “Newtonian” meaning that they obey a normal relationship between stress and strain rate. “Non-newtonian” fluids obey different relationships and are therefore special exceptions to the rule. Here are some resources to learn about non-newtonian fluids: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Newtonian_fluid

- As far as their significance in Ifa my interpretation is that snails tend to come up as an offering when something needs to be returned to its original state. Whatever it is, be it a person, situation, spirit etc. the idea is that the original state was balanced, optimized and beautiful/perfect. In order to restore spiritual balance in that situation, the snail’s mucus is used. One example is whenever Awo Ifa work with the most sacred divinity in Ifa, which is Odu. Odu is deep, and I won’t go into too much detail, but she is considered the container of all existence. You can pontificate the significance and meaning of the Yoruba name of the highest divinity “God” Olodumare. The name Olodu implies ownership or responsibility for Odu. Whenever this most sacred divinity is dealt with by Awo Ifa, snails must be present/used. Snails come up in many specific ese Ifa (Ifa verses), and from what I gather they arise when something must be returned to its original state – the state where it was balanced, optimized and beautiful. Thus spiritual imbalance is remedied by the snail through an interaction with the entity that carries the golden ratio on its back. In a sense the snail emanates and grows out of the golden ratio, and is therefore a special carrier/medium for its spiritual power.

good morning good people. I am loving the depth of this article. NOTHING is just simply one thing that happens in random.

The author broke it down Nyaha, Good morning oooooo, E’karo